März Das Ergebnis: Deutschland verliert gegen Brasilien (). Es war die erste Niederlage für die DFB-Auswahl seit dem EM-Halbfinale Das Fußball-WM-Halbfinale zwischen Brasilien und Deutschland am 8. Juli war das erste der beiden Halbfinalspiele der Fußball-Weltmeisterschaft eBay Kleinanzeigen: Deutschland Brasilien, Kleinanzeigen - Jetzt finden oder inserieren! eBay Kleinanzeigen - Kostenlos. Einfach. Lokal.
Eigentlich waren die Brasilianer auch angetreten, die Schmach der Heim-WM von wettzumachen, als sie Uruguay den Titel überlassen mussten.
Das Trauma, das diesmal zurückbleibt, dürfte kaum geringer sein. Anlässlich des Guinness-Weltrekord-Tages hat ein japanischer Seilspringer eine neue Höchstmarke gesetzt und damit sich selbst überboten.
Es geht gegen den Abstieg aus der Nations League. Vor allem die Besetzung der Offensive wird spannend. Ein Sieg würde das Achtelfinale näherrücken lassen.
Während des Spiels sorgt aber vor allem der Videobeweis für Aufregung. Die Börse liebt ihn, die Reichen und Gebildeten wählen ihn.
Fortschritte in der Neurologie. Suche Suche Login Logout. Doch es steht noch mehr auf dem Spiel. Bei der Wahl des Präsidenten sehnen sich einige nach der Ordnung der Militärdiktatur.
Die Wirtschaft hat sich schon entschieden. Ökotourismus in Costa Rica: Touristen können sich beim Umweltschutz nützlich machen Die schrägen Wunder Oregons — von der Küste bis zur Wüste.
Best Ager - Für Senioren und Angehörige. Fortschritte in der Neurologie. Suche Suche Login Logout.
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Beitrag per E-Mail versenden Von. Ein Fehler ist aufgetreten. Bitte überprüfen Sie Ihre Eingaben. Brazil is the largest national economy in Latin America , the world's eighth largest economy and the eighth largest in purchasing power parity PPP according to the estimates.
Brazil has a mixed economy with abundant natural resources. After rapid growth in preceding decades, the country entered an ongoing recession in amid a political corruption scandal and nationwide protests.
Active in agricultural , mining , manufacturing and service sectors Brazil has a labor force of over a million ranking 6th worldwide and unemployment of 6.
The country has been expanding its presence in international financial and commodities markets , and is one of a group of four emerging economies called the BRIC countries.
Brazil's diversified economy includes agriculture, industry, and a wide range of services. The industry — from automobiles , steel and petrochemicals to computers , aircraft and consumer durables — accounted for Brazil pegged its currency, the real , to the U.
However, after the East Asian financial crisis , the Russian default in  and the series of adverse financial events that followed it, the Central Bank of Brazil temporarily changed its monetary policy to a managed-float  scheme while undergoing a currency crisis , until definitively changing the exchange regime to free-float in January Brazil's central bank paid back the IMF loan in , although it was not due to be repaid until The largest transaction with involvement of Brazilian companies has been: Brazil is the world's tenth largest energy consumer with much of its energy coming from renewable sources , particularly hydroelectricity and ethanol ; the Itaipu Dam is the world's largest hydroelectric plant by energy generation.
Recent oil discoveries in the Pre-salt layer have opened the door for a large increase in oil production. Tourism in Brazil is a growing sector and key to the economy of several regions of the country.
The country had 6. Natural areas are its most popular tourism product, a combination of ecotourism with leisure and recreation , mainly sun and beach, and adventure travel , as well as cultural tourism.
In terms of the Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index TTCI , which is a measurement of the factors that make it attractive to develop business in the travel and tourism industry of individual countries, Brazil ranked in the 28st place at the world's level, third in the Americas , after Canada and United States.
Brazil's main competitive advantages are its natural resources, which ranked 1st on this criteria out of all countries considered, and ranked 23rd for its cultural resources, due to its many World Heritage sites.
Safety and security have improved significantly: According to the World Tourism Organization WTO , international travel to Brazil accelerated in , particularly during and However, in a slow-down took place, and international arrivals had almost no growth in — This favorable trend is the result of the strong devaluation of the US dollar against the Brazilian Real , which began in , but which makes Brazil a more expensive international destination.
This trend changed in , when both visitors and revenues fell as a result of the Great Recession of — Despite continuing record-breaking international tourism revenues, the number of Brazilian tourists travelling overseas has been growing steadily since , resulting in a net negative foreign exchange balance, as more money is spent abroad by Brazilians than comes in as receipts from international tourists visiting Brazil.
Tourism expenditures abroad grew from USD 5. In , tourism contributed with 3. Technological research in Brazil is largely carried out in public universities and research institutes, with the majority of funding for basic research coming from various government agencies.
Brazil also has a large number of outstanding scientific personalities. Brazilian roads are the primary carriers of freight and passenger traffic.
The road system totaled 1. Kubitschek was responsible for the installation of major car manufacturers in the country Volkswagen , Ford and General Motors arrived in Brazil during his rule and one of the points used to attract them was support for the construction of highways.
With the implementation of Fiat in ending an automobile market closed loop, from the end of the s the country has received large foreign direct investments installing in its territory other major car manufacturers and utilities, such as Iveco , Renault , Peugeot , Citroen , Honda , Mitsubishi , Mercedes-Benz , BMW , Hyundai , Toyota among others.
Brazil's railway system has been declining since , when emphasis shifted to highway construction. The country has an extensive rail network of 28, kilometres 17, miles in length, the tenth largest network in the world.
There are about 2, airports in Brazil, including landing fields: For freight transport waterways are of importance, e.
The country also has 50, kilometres 31, miles of waterways. Coastal shipping links widely separated parts of the country.
Bolivia and Paraguay have been given free ports at Santos. The Brazilian public health system, the Unified Health System SUS , is managed and provided by all levels of government,  being the largest system of this type in the world.
In , Brazil had 1. Despite all the progress made since the creation of the universal health care system in , there are still several public health problems in Brazil.
In , the main points to be solved were the high infant 2. The number of deaths from noncommunicable diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases Finally, external but preventable factors such as car accidents, violence and suicide caused The Federal Constitution and the Law of Guidelines and Bases of National Education determine that the Union , the states , the Federal District , and the municipalities must manage and organize their respective education systems.
Each of these public educational systems is responsible for its own maintenance, which manages funds as well as the mechanisms and funding sources.
According to the IBGE , in , the literacy rate of the population was Higher education starts with undergraduate or sequential courses , which may offer different options of specialization in academic or professional careers.
Depending on the choice, students can improve their educational background with courses of post-graduate studies or broad sense.
Attending an institution of higher education is required by Law of Guidelines and Bases of Education.
Kindergarten , elementary and medium educations are required of all students, provided the student does not hold any disability, whether physical, mental , visual or hearing.
Of the top 20 Latin Americans universities, eight are Brazilian. Most of them are public. The Brazilian press had its beginnings in with the arrival of the Portuguese royal family to Brazil, hitherto forbidden any activity of the press — was the publication of newspapers or books.
The Gazeta do Rio de Janeiro , the first newspaper published in the country, began to circulate on 10 September Radio broadcasting began on 7 September , with a speech by then President Pessoa, and was formalized on 20 April with the creation of "Radio Society of Rio de Janeiro.
The first census in Brazil was carried out in and recorded a population of 9,, In the s the annual population growth rate was 2.
In , the illiteracy rate was It was highest In , the National Indian Foundation estimated that Brazil has 67 different uncontacted tribes, up from their estimate of 40 in Brazil is believed to have the largest number of uncontacted peoples in the world.
Race and ethnicity in Brazil   . Brazilian society is more markedly divided by social class lines , although a high income disparity is found between race groups , so racism and classism can be conflated.
Socially significant closeness to one racial group is taken in account more in the basis of appearance phenotypes rather than ancestry, to the extent that full siblings can pertain to different "racial" groups.
The brown population officially called pardo in Portuguese, also colloquially moreno   is a broad category that includes caboclos assimilated Amerindians in general, and descendants of Whites and Natives , mulatos descendants of primarily Whites and Afro-Brazilians and cafuzos descendants of Afro-Brazilians and Natives.
About five million people from over 60 countries migrated to Brazil between and , most of them of Portuguese , Italian , Spanish , German , Ukrainian , Polish , Jewish , Russian , Chinese , Japanese , and Arab origin.
Religion in Brazil was formed from the meeting of the Catholic Church with the religious traditions of enslaved African peoples and indigenous peoples.
Other Protestant branches with a notable presence in the country include the Baptists , Seventh-day Adventists , Lutherans and the Reformed tradition.
Roman Catholicism is the country's predominant faith. Brazil has the world's largest Catholic population.
However, in the last ten years Protestantism, particularly in forms of Pentecostalism and Evangelicalism, has spread in Brazil, while the proportion of Catholics has dropped significantly.
The official language of Brazil is Portuguese  Article 13 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Brazil , which almost all of the population speaks and is virtually the only language used in newspapers, radio, television, and for business and administrative purposes.
The most famous exception to this is a strong sign language law that was passed by the National Congress of Brazil. Legally recognized in ,  the law was regulated in The language must be taught as a part of the education and speech and language pathology curricula.
Schools and health services must provide access " inclusion " to deaf people. Brazilian Portuguese has had its own development, mostly similar to 16th-century Central and Southern dialects of European Portuguese  despite a very substantial number of Portuguese colonial settlers, and more recent immigrants , coming from Northern regions , and in minor degree Portuguese Macaronesia , with a few influences from the Amerindian and African languages , especially West African and Bantu restricted to the vocabulary only.
These differences are comparable to those between American and British English. Brazil is the only Portuguese-speaking nation in the Americas, making the language an important part of Brazilian national identity and giving it a national culture distinct from those of its Spanish-speaking neighbors.
In , the Community of Portuguese Language Countries CPLP , which included representatives from all countries with Portuguese as the official language, reached an agreement on the reform of the Portuguese orthography to unify the two standards then in use by Brazil on one side and the remaining lusophone countries on the other.
This spelling reform went into effect in Brazil on 1 January In Portugal, the reform was signed into law by the President on 21 July allowing for a 6-year adaptation period, during which both orthographies will co-exist.
The remaining CPLP countries are free to establish their own transition timetables. Minority languages are spoken throughout the nation. One hundred and eighty Amerindian languages are spoken in remote areas and a significant number of other languages are spoken by immigrants and their descendants.
There are significant communities of German mostly the Brazilian Hunsrückisch , a High German language dialect and Italian mostly the Talian , a Venetian dialect origins in the Southern and Southeastern regions, whose ancestors' native languages were carried along to Brazil, and which, still alive there, are influenced by the Portuguese language.
Brazil is the first country in South America to offer Esperanto to secondary students. The core culture of Brazil is derived from Portuguese culture , because of its strong colonial ties with the Portuguese Empire.
The culture was, however, also strongly influenced by African , indigenous and non-Portuguese European cultures and traditions. Some aspects of Brazilian culture were influenced by the contributions of Italian , German and other European as well Japanese , Jewish and Arab immigrants who arrived in large numbers in the South and Southeast of Brazil during the 19th and 20th centuries.
Brazilian art has developed since the 16th century into different styles that range from Baroque the dominant style in Brazil until the early 19th century   to Romanticism , Modernism , Expressionism , Cubism , Surrealism and Abstractionism.
Brazilian cinema dates back to the birth of the medium in the late 19th century and has gained a new level of international acclaim since the s.
The architecture of Brazil is influenced by Europe, especially Portugal. It has a history that goes back years to the time when Pedro Cabral discovered Brazil in Portuguese colonial architecture was the first wave of architecture to go to Brazil.
Then in the 20th century especially in Brasilia, Brazil experimented with Modernist architecture. The colonial architecture of Brazil dates to the early 16th century when Brazil was first explored, conquered and settled by the Portuguese.
The Portuguese built architecture familiar to them in Europe in their aim to colonise Brazil. They built Portuguese colonial architecture which included Churches, civic architecture including houses and forts in Brazilian cities and the countryside.
During 19th Century Brazilian architecture saw the introduction of more European styles to Brazil such as Neoclassical and Gothic Revival architecture.
This was usually mixed with Brazilian influences from their own heritage which produced a unique form of Brazilian architecture. In the s the modernist architecture was introduced when Brasilia was built as new federal capital in the interior of Brazil to help develop the interior.
The architect Oscar Niemeyer idealized and built Government buildings, Churches and civic buildings was constructed in the modernist style.
The music of Brazil was formed mainly from the fusion of European and African elements. Popular music since the late eighteenth century began to show signs of forming a characteristically Brazilian sound, with samba considered the most typical and on the UNESCO cultural heritage list.
Choro is a very popular music instrumental style. Its origins are in 19th-century Rio de Janeiro. In spite of the name, the style often has a fast and happy rhythm, characterized by virtuosity, improvisation, subtle modulations and full of syncopation and counterpoint.
Alencar, in his long career, also treated indigenous people as heroes in the Indigenist novels O Guarani , Iracema and Ubirajara. Brazilian cuisine varies greatly by region, reflecting the country's varying mix of indigenous and immigrant populations.
This has created a national cuisine marked by the preservation of regional differences. A typical meal consists mostly of rice and beans with beef , salad , french fries and a fried egg.
Fried potatoes, fried cassava, fried banana, fried meat and fried cheese are very often eaten in lunch and served in most typical restaurants.
Brazil has a variety of desserts such as brigadeiros chocolate fudge balls , bolo de rolo roll cake with goiabada , cocada a coconut sweet , beijinhos coconut truffles and clove and romeu e julieta cheese with goiabada.
While there were national film productions during the early 20th century, American films such as Rio the Magnificent were made in Rio de Janeiro to promote tourism in the city.
Rocha's films Deus e o Diabo na Terra do Sol and Terra em Transe are considered to be some of the greatest and most influential in Brazilian film history.
The theatre in Brazil has its origins in the period of Jesuit expansion when theater was used for the dissemination of Catholic doctrine in the 16th century.
Always in this period the comedy of costume and comic production was imposed. At the end of century 19th century orchestrated dramaturgias became very popular and were accompanied of songs of famous artists like the conductress Chiquinha Gonzaga.
Already in the early 20th century there was the presence of theaters, entrepreneurs and actor companies, but paradoxically the quality of the products staggered, and only in the Brazilian theater received a boost of renewal thanks to the action of Paschoal Carlos Magno and his student's theater, the comedians group and the Italian actors Adolfo Celi , Ruggero Jacobbi and Aldo Calvo, founders of the Teatro Brasileiro de Comedia.
From the s it was attended by a theater dedicated to social and religious issues and to the flourishing of schools of dramatic art.
The most prominent authors at this stage were Jorge Andrade and Ariano Suassuna. Brazilian painting emerged in the late 16th century,  influenced by Baroque , Rococo , Neoclassicism , Romanticism , Realism , Modernism , Expressionism , Surrealism , Cubism and Abstracionism making it a major art style called Brazilian academic art.
Upon the creation of the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts , new artistic movements spread across the country during the 19th century and later the event called Week of Modern Art broke definitely with academic tradition in and started a nationalist trend which was influenced by modernist arts.
The most popular sport in Brazil is football. In auto racing, three Brazilian drivers have won the Formula One world championship eight times.
Some sport variations have their origins in Brazil: At the event, the Brazil national basketball team won one of its two world championship titles.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country. For other uses, see Brazil disambiguation.
History of Brazil and Timeline of Brazilian history. United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. Independence of Brazil and Empire of Brazil.
Military dictatorship in Brazil and History of Brazil since M41s along the Avenida Presidente Vargas during the military government.
Lear's macaw , endemic to Raso da Catarina , Bahia. The Amazon rainforest , the most biodiverse rainforest in the world.
Brazilian Army Astros Foreign relations of Brazil. Law enforcement in Brazil and Crime in Brazil. Rio Grande do Norte.
Mato Grosso do Sul. Rio Grande do Sul. States of Brazil and Municipalities of Brazil. Rice plantation in Rio do Sul , Santa Catarina. Brazil is the second largest agricultural exporter in the world.
The KC , developed by Embraer , the third largest producer of civil aircraft in the world. P, an oil platform of Petrobras.
Bonito , Mato Grosso do Sul. The rivers in the region are known for their crystal clear waters. The city of Rio de Janeiro is featured in tourism in Brazil.
Science and technology in Brazil. Port of Santos , the busiest port in Latin America. Courtyard of the former Royal Academy of Artillery, Fortification and Design , the first institution of higher education in Brazil, created in Demographics of Brazil and Brazilians.
Immigration to Brazil and List of Brazilian states by population density. Race and ethnicity in Brazil. Catholic Church in Brazil and Protestantism in Brazil.
The Christ the Redeemer statue in Rio de Janeiro is one of the most famous religious statues worldwide  . List of largest cities in Brazil and Municipalities of Brazil.
Largest urban agglomerations in Brazil Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics estimates   . The Cathedral of Brasilia , an example of Modern architecture.
Heitor Villa-Lobos , the most widely known South American composer. Machado de Assis , poet and novelist, founder of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.
Carlos Drummond de Andrade , considered by some as the greatest Brazilian poet. List of Brazilian dishes. Brigadeiro is a national candy and one most and is recognized as one of the main dishes of the Brazilian cuisine.
Feijoada is a typical Brazilian dish. Festival de Gramado , the biggest film festival in the country. Rio de Janeiro Municipal Theater. They are on first-name terms with the whole world.
Players with the first Olympic Gold of the Brazil national football team , won in the Summer Olympics. Football is the most popular sport in the country.
Ayrton Senna , who won three Formula One world championships for McLaren in , and , and is widely regarded as one of the greatest Formula One drivers of all time.
Brazil portal Brazilian cuisine portal Latin America portal. Archived from the original on 22 February Retrieved 29 January Archived from the original on 17 November Retrieved 8 October Retrieved 7 April Retrieved 7 August Retrieved 31 August Retrieved 30 August Retrieved 17 April Retrieved 9 November United Nations Development Programme.
Retrieved 14 September A History of Modern Brazil: In Crocitti, John J. An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic. Contributing editor Monique M.